Can M2M Help Save the Earth?
Earth Day is an effort to bring awareness to environmental issues. M2M technology can help by gathering data and determining trends. Such is the case on the MolluSCAN Eye Project, which is monitoring changes in pollution levels in oceans.
In the instance of the MolluSCAN Eye Project, M2M is tracking pollution levels by monitoring sea animals and providing data to researchers. This project, which began in 2006 in Arcachon Bay, France, aims to identify changes in pollution levels in the oceans by interpreting the movement and behavior of bivalves, which includes oysters, giant clams, and scallops.
Why bivalves? When these animals are exposed to pollution, they close their shells or, in extreme cases, possibly even die. By monitoring the bivalves, the team of researchers on the MolluSCAN Eye Project can recognize changes in pollution. The challenge is monitoring the sea creatures on an ongoing basis.
Enter M2M. In order to watch the bivalves, a remote-monitoring system helps track the opening movements. A waterproof unit is put next to the animals and this underwater device gathers the data and sends to a device on land. From there, the unit on land then transmits the data via a cellular network to the main sever at the project’s lab.
At the end of last week, Telit Wireless Solutions, www.telit.com, announced its involvement in the project. The data is being transmitted from the unit on land to the server using a Telit module.
In the end, the data is analyzed and new theories are applied. In addition to providing relevant data to identify issues in the ocean, this project is also generating interest in the M2M community because of the amount of data the remote-monitoring units produce every day.
The use of M2M in projects such as this can help keep an eye on the environment, detecting changes in pollution levels, for example. In the end, the information will help understand and analyze conditions, ultimately bettering the planet.
M2M can also help provide fresh clean water to those who do not have access to the resource. The GSMA, www.gsma.com, is promoting efforts to create mobile-enabled technologies and businesses that improve access to both energy and water, while Gemalto, www.gemalto.com/m2m, announced a project to provide wireless connectivity for a device used in a pilot program to prevent illegal deforestation in the Amazon rainforest in Brazil.
As businesses and government search for ways to improve water and energy use, M2M can monitor and track environmental conditions through the use of data.
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